How to prune fruit trees in summer


hi welcome back to garden ninja today’s
video is all about summer pruning of fruit trees and in particular I’m gonna
be focusing in on apples and pears now a few of you online on Twitter have asked
me how do you prune fruit trees in summer especially new trees so behind me I’ve
got a number of fruit trees that are about two years old they’re going to
show you today exactly what you need to do to get more fruits to get less
disease and damage and make sure that you enjoy your fruit trees as much as
you possibly can so come on let’s get pruning! Now there’s a few key benefits
of pruning your fruit trees in summer so that you end up with loads of delicious
fruits and the first is that you want to open up the fruit tree so that you get
the maximum light and air around your potential fruits tends to happen in
summer is that the fruit tree such as an apple put on loads more leafy growth and
sometimes your fruits can get overshadowed they don’t grow as large or
as sweet and you don’t get as good a harvest so the first thing to do is to
take away some of the crowding out of that fruit tree to make sure that the
fruits are there get maximum sunlight so you get the most bang your buck! To prune your fruit trees you’re going
to need a really sharp clean pair of secateurs and the cleaner and sharper
the better because what that means is that it reduces damaged when you’re
cutting through the different stems and parts of the fruit tree if you’ve got an
old pair in the garage that a bit worse for wear spend five minutes in the
kitchen with a metal scourer and clean them up as best you can even better is
to get a sharpening block and to make sure that the razor-sharp so if you look
after you tools your tools or look after you. I’m going to be using this pair of
Niwaki secateurs here on my fruit tree pruning. Now if your apple tree is
looking a bit like this where you’ve got loads of fruit the branches are getting
really thick and heavy it’s a good time towards the end of summer to start
pruning off some of this growth to let the light down to the fruit if you don’t
do that you’ll end up with smaller fruits and maybe less of a yield so
again you can be quite bold and brave and in this example this one here can
come off snip we’ve got all this leafy growth it’s don’t want that
take that back here as you can see we’re getting my light to the fruit less
weight should help these branches support themselves and you get a better
yield. Now during the summer months you may
have noticed some of your fruit trees like this plum behind me but on loads
and loads of new growths and their stems flying out everywhere loads of green
shoots you may think well I’m gonna get loads of fruit the chances are that
it’s put all that energy into those new shoots and it won’t be putting it into
spurs that actually make the fruit so in the summer what we want to do in
particular with the plum tree which you can only prune in the summer you want to
take back some of the leafy grow so that you’re forcing the tree to put its
energy into creating buds and fruits because that survival mechanism is gonna
kick in if you left it like this the trees going to get bigger and bigger the
chances of getting food probably gonna get smaller and smaller because it’s
quite contempt to put on leafy growth where you want to give it a
little bit of a shock and a bit of a nudge and say come on give me some plums!
I’m just gonna work my way around the tree standing back taking bits off
standing back again there’s no race it’s not a sprint it’s a marathon you’re
trying to give it form us an open goblet shape and make sure they’re
taking back some of this growth so that you get those buds this one here it’s
probably the leader but it’s way too tall so I’m gonna take my path there’s a
bud just there there we go then. Okay so you can see that I’ve taken down
probably third if not a bit more now it may look brutal I can’t guarantee you
that you’ll end up with better juicier plums or fruits if you do this in the
summer! Well you saw me passing my hands through
I was checking that there’s no crossing branches and a good tip is that you can
push your hand through then you prune it correctly you keep smashing into things
then you probably need to take a few more out as I said take your time
stand back be bold be brave and if it all goes a bit pear-shaped you can
always recover it next year. With this example we’ve got the open
goblet shape here and all of space but once again all this foliage is kind of
reaching for the stars we need to pull that back down to ensure that we get
plenty fruit next year so I’m just going to be taking off up to 1/2 third in some
cases just to neaten things up anything that’s looking a bit too long now if
these two branches you can see that they’re about to start crossing and
probably loving each other so I need to select the strongest of the two which is
this top one because you can see it’s got all these little buds in there ready
which will then fruits next year so this one it’s just the leggy growth there’s
nothing on there so I’m gonna snip but right there back and take that one off. Again this one heres rubbing up and
pushing through these branches so needs to remove up all this space now here and there you have it my easy guys
summer pruning the fruit trees just apples and pears
if you’ve liked this video why not subscribe to my youtube channel
whatever loads more garden design hints tips and hacks for now I’m gonna take
these inside and make an apple pie! I’ve been Garden Ninja. Happy Gardening. Come on Barry!

1 thought on “How to prune fruit trees in summer

  • Hi Garden Ninja. I have a couple of cherry 🍒 trees that are 11 years old and need reducing . Can you show us how once the leaves come off in autumn please

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